Venice Images


Here’s a link for the images mentined in the paper.

Published in: |on December 3rd, 2008 |Comments Off on Venice Images

Venice Paper


Sorry guys, but for some reason I couldn’t copy and paste my work (I have been trying ALL day) so I added a link.

Published in: |on December 3rd, 2008 |Comments Off on Venice Paper


So when I went to the Library of Congress I was able to download some pictures of Bunner’s works from restricted access sites. I’ll post these pictures here for people to see.

By A.F. Bunner

By A.F. Bunner

By A.F. Bunner

By A.F. Bunner

By A.F. Bunner

By A.F. Bunner

by A.F. Bunner

by A.F. Bunner

by A.F. Bunner

by A.F. Bunner

all these images came from

Published in: |on October 21st, 2008 |1 Comment »

Paper Outline

1. Background of Andrew Fisher Bunner

  • Who his teacher/teachers were?
  • Who influenced him
  • Travels to Europe and what he saw
  • His time in Venice: who he lived with, what he did
  • Where he exhibited and what he exhibited
  • Who bought his works(?)

2. His American view

  • American artistic movements, ex. Hudson Valley, and how they created his style
  • American society
  • Americans traveling

3. Compare and Contrast to other artists

  • British artists, like Turner
  • French Artists, like Monet and Renoir
  • Other Americans, like Sargent and Whistler

4. Summation

  • Who he was
  • What he did
  • How that reflects society
  • Why he has been forgotten
Published in: |on October 6th, 2008 |Comments Off on Paper Outline

Paper Proposal and New Discoveries

So I will post my orginal Paper Proposal, with a few modifications made on information I have discovered, and then discuss how my research has grown and changed.

Paper Proposal

For my paper for the Venice seminar, I would like to research the artist Andrew Fisher Bunner. Bunner was an American artist who became known in his time for his Venetian scenes. Currently, little is published about A.F. Bunner besides bits and pieces in a variety of sources. I would like the paper to contain a little more biographical information about Bunner, like who he studied under, possibly Thomas Seir Cummings, and if he had major patrons, possibly Reichard &Co. or Gustav Reichard. I also want to know who bought his works. Since there is really no “one-stop shop” of information about Bunner, I would like to provide some of his background.

For me, his background is what sets up his Venice subjects. I want to explore how this American artist’s depictions of Venice are different from his European contemporaries as well as his American contemporaries. What does Andrew Fisher Bunner bring to the table and why did that make his paintings so desirable for his time? I think a good grounding in his background will provide a better understanding of how that might have shaped the lens that he viewed Venice through. Little is know about his time in Europe and where he might have studied. I’m hoping to shed more light on that and how that might influence his paintings. I know that Bunner went to Holland and so he is influence and does have knowledge of the Dutch maritime painting tradition. This tradition decidedly colors his Venetian scenes and provides another clue in how Bunner differed from his contemporaries.

This study is important and worthy of research for numerous reasons. Firstly, little is know about A.F. Bunner and so my work would shed more light on this artist. Secondly, A.F. Bunner was a very prominent artist in his lifetime and my research would explore how his works reflects America’s views of themselves, as well as, America’s views of the world. Thirdly, and perhaps the meat of my work, how Andrew Fisher Bunner’s views of Venice compare to his European counterparts and what that tells us about the difference in views of Americans and Europeans to the same landscape. Using a lot of primary source documents, as well as, stylistic comparisons between artists, I’m hoping to create a paper that explains these questions along with others I find along the way.

This paper has certainly been interesting researching. I have spent many hours in the library scanning first hand newspaper articles, mainly because Andrew Fisher Bunner is related to the famous writer H.C. Bunner and another artist Randolf Bunner. Also there is some court case involving Andrew Bunner and DVD copyright. Anyway, my research has given me some answers and then a whole lot my questions. I have found otu a buyer for Bunner is Reichard & Co, who I believe is the same buyer for paintings by Winslow Homer. I can only find one painting purchased by them, but I know they had to be interested in his works. I don’t knoow who exactly purchased Bunner’s work, but I did find out a good portion of them were purchased before the end of his exhibitions, which is a very prestigous thing. Perhaps my greatest find, my hidden diamond if you will, was my purcase of The Monthly Illustrator for the Third Quarter of 1895. Not only is it an extremely cool old book, published in 1895, but it provides an amazing primary source document describing works by my author and the author’s opinion on these works. It was probably my best under $15 buy ever! So, my research thus far has been to gather as many sources of information about Bunner and his time frame and having completed this massive step, I am now ready to analyze the information and write the paper about Bunner.

Published in: |on September 27th, 2008 |3 Comments »

Upon Further Research….

So, first off, I want to address some of Professor Och’s comments. I haven’t found one patron for A.F. Bunner’s work, but I am hopeful that more primary source documents exist that can help me find out some of that information. I do know that most of his work was exhibited, and more than likely sold, at both the National Academy and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. This was a common practice at the time and it was considered an honor to have your work sold before the exhibition opened. I have  an I.L.L out for a catalogue of the Pennsylvania Exhibitions and am hoping they can tell me more. I also know that his studio was in the Young Christian Men’s Association building in New York City and am hoping to pursue more information about why his studio was there and if that was a common practice.

The picture I added is a pencil drawing done by Bunner when he was in Venice. It was donated along with many other sketches to the MET by his widow after his death. Bunner’s vistas of venice are familiar, yet not. The drawing is a view of Rio e Campanile di San Marco. His views are not perfect paintings that showcase a building, but rather they are paintings of what one would actually see. His sketches often show the “title” building with parts cut off and even have laundry hanging and shown in our view. Bunner shows the true Venice, the living Venice as it were. That is what draws me the most. He shows the dirt and the grime of this vibrant city. It’s quiet glamour.

Good websites about Bunner, as with all sources about him, are few and far between, but I have included two that seem to be the most helpful.

1. This website was helpful in giving me a jumping point for other books that had references to A.F. Bunner. It also gave me a working time frame for when he was most active.

2. This website allowed me to see digital images of the works on collection at the Met. This is where the picture from my previous post came from.

There are several important dates in connection to Bunner

1841 born in NYC

1871-1876 first trip to Europe and Venice

1883-1886 Lived in Venice

1897 died in New York

I’m hoping to piece more information about Andrew Fisher Bunner using primary source documents. It will require a lot of digging and being an archives hound, one of my favorite things to be, but in the end I’m hopeful to shed more light on his history, especially of his time in venice.

Published in: |on September 15th, 2008 |Comments Off on Upon Further Research….

Paper Topic

The paper topic I really wanted to do was the American artist Andrew Fisher Bunner’s paintings of venice. Initially I had found lots of his work on auction websites and using one such website I was able to find a list of books that make reference to my artist as well as a list of museums that feature works by him. One such museum is the Met. After spending a little more time researching Andrew Bunner as well as being armed with a list of potential places to find information I was able to create a pretty extensive list of resources. What I found most interesting is Andrew Fisher Bunner exhibited at the National Academy as well as the Pennsylvania Museum of Fine Arts and so catalogues of his exhibtions there might be in the archives collection. I have emailed the archivists at both locations to find out if they do have primary source documents for me. I have also put an ILL out for two books that talk about Venice and foreign artists depictions of Venice. For a rainy saturday’s work its not half bad.

found at

Published in: |on September 6th, 2008 |1 Comment »

Venice Under Seige

The video Venice Under Siege presents the problems that face Venice today as being threefold: flooding, pollution, and depopulation. All of these problems are shown to be intertwined with each other. Flooding is made worse by the pollution caused by industry and the pollution and flooding cause the population of the city to go down.

Flooding is the first problem addressed by the video. Flooding in Venice is made worse by the pollution that clogs up the canals which keeps the water in the city at a high level even at low tide. The best solution to the flooding would be to set up the protective system out in the lagoon but, as the video states, these projects never got off the ground. Instead, the city is forced to work on the flooding issue in “micro” projects, like dredging, instead of working on “macro” projects, like the protective system out in the Venetian lagoon. Dredging the canals is not a long term solution to the problem and comes with some very sobering risks. The canals of Venice are the main source of water for fighting fires in the city and by dredging the canal you lower the water level making it much harder to fight fires. According to the video, Venice has not properly dealt with its flooding issue and unless it uses “macro” instead of “micro” solutions flooding will continue to be an ever present threat.

The next problem addressed by the video is the shrinking population of Venice. Venice is a hard city to live in. There are no cars in Venice, so in order to do day-to-day errands like shopping for food, you have to walk to get where you need to go. Venice also continues to rely on the old fashioned open air markets instead of super markets, which is fast becoming a popular way for people to buy supplies. Buying local fish is health gamble, since the lagoon contains a lot of pollution.

Pollution was the last issue addressed in the city. When the video was being filmed there was a tear in an oil pipeline near the area where mussels are fished from the lagoon. Whole areas of mussels contained so much contamination as to be unfit for human consumption. Venice depends upon its lagoon to protect the city as well as to provide the city with food, but decades or unchecked industry as well as oil spills have wreaked havoc on the natural balance of the fragile ecosystem. The lagoon is filled with lethal chemicals that are impossible to trace back to the source and will have to be paid for by the government.

This leads back to depopulation. There is an ever decreasing tax-base to pay for the repairs to the lagoon. Many schools have closed down and the only secure jobs are that related to the tourism and heritage industry. To many Venetians, life on terra firma begins to look easier and easier compared to the day to day struggle of living in a city with major flooding, population, and houses being bought up by wealthy outsiders.

I thought this video presented the problems of Venice in a clear and concise manner. The video offers hope as well. It points out how all the problems are interconnected and by fixing or correcting one problem it may help the other problems. by fixing the problem of pollution some of dangers of flooding will be relieved, in that pollution will not cause the canals to be filled with debris. With flooding better controlled and industry better regulated, the lagoons naturally rich fish life may eventually be restored and more jobs will be available to the population living in Venice.

Published in: |on September 1st, 2008 |2 Comments »